Somali Republic lies in the eastern part of Africa. It is bordered by Djibouti to the northwest, Kenya to the south, the Gulf of Aden with Yemen to the north, the Indian Ocean to the east, and Ethiopia to the west. It has the longest coastline on the continent, and its terrain consists mainly of plateaus,plains and highlands, Hot conditions prevail year-round, along with periodic monsoon winds and irregular rainfal
is a country of geographic extremes. The climate is mainly dry and hot, with landscapes of and semidesert, and the inhabitants of have developed equally demanding economic survival strategies. Apart from a mountainous coastal zone in the north and several pronounced river valleys, most of the country is extremely flat, with few natural barriers to restrict the mobility of the nomads and their livestock. The are clan-based Muslims, and about three-fifths follow a mobile way of life, pursuing or agropastoralism.
Somali 85%, Bantu and other non-Somali 15% (including 30,000 Arabs)
Somali (official), Arabic, Italian, English